Scope of Advocate General, Courses, Jobs & Salary
- Advocate General is a legal advisor to a State Government only. The Governor of each States appoints an Advocate General under the provisions of Article 165 of the Constitution of India and no political party gets involved with the appointment of the Advocate General. The post of an Advocate General corresponds with Attorney General of India at the central or union government level. The Advocate General works at the state level only.
- To be an Advocate General, one must have a legal degree from any recognized university or institution beside a degree in Arts/Science/Commerce and a professional experience as per the requirements for each post.
- The LLB courses are structured by the Bar Council of India which sets rules and regulations regarding legal practice in the country. Any specialization is done at masters, MPhil or PhD stage.
- The Advocate General works at the State level. He has all the administrative and financial powers.
- He holds the office of the High Court for a period of 10 years at least.
- They mainly deal with the court cases of the High Court. Advocate Generals hold office up to the age of 62 years.
There should be certain skills that are required for an Advocate General. They are as follows:
- Personal skills like the person must be honest and should have the sense of responsibility, should be impartial, patience, courteous, commitment towards his work and self-confidence.
- Must have the ability to work under pressure
- He should have the quality in logical reasoning, decision-making, and analytical skills.
- He must have the ability to give legal advice to the State Government in the making of its policy and its execution.
- If a person is interested to study Law through Online or Distance Learning then there are few institutes who offer the same.
- Among them Symbiosis Center for Distance Learning is the main.
- With their number of working experience Advocate General of the State further get promoted to Attorney General.
- A law graduate has abundant job opportunities in this field. They can either practice as an advocate in court or can work in any corporate firms. By clearing the Judicial Service Examination, they can become a Judge. After experience they can become Solicitor General, a Public Prosecutor or offer services to Government departments and ministries.
To be an Advocate General, one must have a legal degree from any recognized university or institution. He/she must have the membership in the state bar council. Generally, the posts of an Advocate General are filled up by recruitment through UPSC or State Public Service Commission on regular or on deputation basis. The person must be qualified to become a Judge of a High Court and must:
- be an Indian citizen
- be an advocate of a High Court for at least 10 years or of two or more courts
- have been in legal office in India for a period of 10 years
If the Government makes any wrong decision, the Advocate General has the right to tell the Government.
The profile of an Advocate General revolves around Law only. He has been given all the administrative and financial powers. The office of the Advocate General consists of the following team members like:
- Advocate General
- Additional Advocate General
- Sr. Deputy Advocate General
- Deputy Advocate General
- Assistant Advocate General
The Advocate General supervises the litigation work of the Law officers related in the High Courtby the State Government, which are being distributed among the different Government Advocates and Government Pleaders. The office of the Advocate General gives legal advice to the State Government in the making of its policy and its execution. They not only give advice to the State Government but also play an important role in political, legal, constitutional, legislative and administrative functions of the State.
Their duties comprises of:
- Drafting and filing of petition
An Advocate General has the right to speak and participate on the Houses of the Legislatures and to its proceedings where he may be a member. But, there he shall not be entitled to vote.
- The salary of the Advocate General depends upon the type of cases that is, criminal or civil cases they handle and on which court they appear.
- The Governor of the State determines the salary of the Advocate General.
- They are offered a monthly remuneration for their appearances in the High Court and more appearances in the Supreme Court.
- Besides, this, they also get perks like house accommodation, transportation etc.