Scope of Electrical Engineering in India
- Electrical engineering is another branch of engineering which covers various areas of electrical, electronics, communication, instrumentation, computer engineering, etc. It is mainly utilized in generating and distribution of power.
- Coinciding with this field, it has opened up doors to various career options like computer engineering. It deals with the problems that are in large scales like power generation, transmission, and motor control.
Please find below the education information to become an Electrical Engineer:
- For a B.E./B.Tech. programme the candidate need to pass their 10+2 examination in Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as their main subjects.
- For admission in 4 years B.E./B.Tech. programme the candidates need to give entrance examination as per the university norms, or as per state or national levels. Like for an admission in IIT’s the candidates need to clear entrance examination through JEE and for admission in NIT’s they need to clear AIEEE.
- The duration of the M.E./M.Tech. programme is 2 years which can be done by clearing entrance examination. The candidate needs to clear an examination through All India Combined Entrance Exam which is conducted by JNU, New Delhi and for IIT’s they need to clear their GATE entrance.
- After M.E/M.Tech, a candidate can pursue Ph.D in program in electrical engineering, they must have a degree in M.E. in electrical engineering or electrical and electronics engineering.
- A candidate can do a Diploma in Electrical Engineering from any recognized polytechnics. The duration of the course is 2-3 years.
- Associate Membership of the Institution of Engineers (AMIE) also offers courses in Electrical engineering which is equivalent to B.E/B.Tech which are provided by other institutes/universities.
There are several graduate and postgraduate courses available for an interested candidate who wants to pursue a career in Electrical Engineering. They are as follows:
- B.E. Electrical and Electronics Engineering
- B.E. Electrical Engineering
- B.E. Electrical, Electronics and Power Engineering
- B.E. Electrical and Electronics Engineering (Hons)
- B.Tech. Electrical and Electronics Engineering
- B.Tech. Electrical and Instrumentation Engineering
- B.Tech. Electrical Engineering
- Diploma in Electrical and Electronics Engineering
- Diploma in Electrical Engineering
- M.E. Electrical Engineering
- M.E. Power Systems Engineering
- M.Tech. Electrical Engineering
- M.Tech. Electrical Power System
- Ph.D. Electrical and Electronics Engineering
- Ph.D. Electrical Engineering
Some of the Institutions for studying Electrical Engineering are as follows:
- Indian institute of Technology (IIT's) - New Delhi, Mumbai, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, etc.
- Birla Institute of Technology (BITS) - Pilani and Ranchi
- Delhi College of Engineering - Delhi
- University of Roorkee - Roorkee, Uttar Pradesh etc.
The job prospects in the career of an Electrical Engineer are plenty. They can get employed in various sectors like Government, private and public sector industries, research and teaching institutions etc. With the globalization there is a huge demand for technically qualified engineers in the industry who could keep pace with growing industrial needs.
- There are various types of job offered to an engineer. Employers in this field vary from computer-technology corporations and chemical companies to power and telephone companies.
- An electrical engineer get employed in different areas like Electrical equipment and systems manufacturing companies, Power generation and transmission, Telecommunication, Railways, IT industry, Health care equipment manufacturing industry, public sector industries like petroleum, steel and chemical industry, Research and design etc.
- They get employed in Electricity Boards or utility companies or large industries where they are responsible for installation, maintenance, operation of power handling equipment and systems.
- Manufacturing industries who manufactures electrical machines and equipment employ engineers in their design, production and testing department. Not only an electrical engineer gets employed in manufacturing industries but they can also find a job in atomic power plants, hydroelectric power plants or thermal power plants.
- Not only in industries or power plants, an electrical engineer can also get jobs in an educational sector too. He may get employed in any educational or research institute as a faculty, scientists or by joining research labs.
- They can enjoy an engineering college/university as a lecturer/professor.
- An Electrical Engineer can get employed in Government departments where the entry level are from junior posts but by giving an examination which are conducted by UPSC they can get promoted and get up to a Gazetted officers post.
- Engineers can also get employed in Defence Services too Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy.
There are few skills that are required to become an Electrical Engineer. They are as follows:
- An electrical engineer must be analytical and practical in his work.
- He must have good communication skills.
- Electrical engineers must have the ability to work as a team so that they could contribute their efforts to get a good result as required.
- They must have the ability to solve any problems if any.
- They must have the ability to adapt new and changing concepts.
- He/she must have the ability to work under pressure and keep themselves calm during a crisis situation.
- The person must be dedicated and committed towards his work.
- They must have good technical and electrical knowledge.
- Electrical engineers are also required to have good computer software knowledge.
- They must have the knowledge of safety regulations, to manufacture the product.
There are few institutes where Electrical Engineering can be done through Distance learning. Some of them are as follows:
- National Institute of Business Studies, PaschimVihar, New Delhi
- KhatuShyam Institute of Management & Technology, New Delhi
- Chhotu Ram Polytechnic, Rohtak
- MEI Polytechnic, Bangalore
The work of an Electrical Engineer is very much in demand in India. They can work in various sectors like oil and gas, energy, power, the internet, software etc. There are few banks who recruit an Electrical Engineer for their quantitative research.
They get recruited by various organizations like ABB, Bajaj International Private Ltd, Crompton Greaves Limited, Siemens Ltd, Reliance Power Ltd, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Steel A
The eligibility criteria for an admission to study Electrical Engineering are as follows:
- To become a qualified electrical engineer, the candidate needs to have a bachelor’s degree. They must pass their 10+2 examination or equivalent examination with good marks in Science subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. They need to clear their entrance examinations conducted by various institutes or at state or national level.
- For an admission in IIT’s the candidate need to clear Joint Entrance Examination (JEE). Apart from IIT’s there are other institutes who gives weightage to the JEE score for selection.
- For admission in the NITs in India and many other prestigious colleges, the candidate needs to clear the All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE).
- To study Post graduation, the candidate must have a degree in B.E/B.Tech in electrical engineering. They need to appear an All India Combined Entrance Exam which is conducted by JNU, New Delhi and for M.E./M.Tech. from IIT’s, the candidate needs to go through Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE).
- For pursuing Ph.D program in electrical engineering, the person should have a degree in M.E. in electrical engineering or electrical and electronics engineering.
The job responsibilities of an Electrical Engineer include:
- To assess the electrical systems, do research programs, etc.
- To design the testing systems, to check the components and its abilities.
- As per customer requirements, they develop, modify and assemble the electrical products.
- To check the product quality, finished products, and system capabilities by using various electrical testing methods.
- To prepare a report and analyze them from the availability of the information.
- To manufacture the product by keeping in mind the safety regulations.
- An electrical engineer needs to maintain a data base of the product.
- They need to train and guide the technicians after completing their project.
- Time to time, the electrical engineers need to update themselves by attending workshops, reviewing professional publications, etc.
- To work in a team and contribute their efforts to get a good result as required.
- The salary structure of an Electrical Engineer depends upon the candidate’s educational qualifications, experience, area of employment, companies and the institutions etc.
- Candidates passing out from prestigious institutes like IIT’s, NIT’s and BIT’s gets higher pay package as compared to other institutes. A fresh graduate gets an approx. salary in between Rs. 15,000/- to 25,000/-. Candidates with post graduate degrees, gets more.
- Electrical engineers having experience gets an approx. salary in between Rs. 35,000/- to 80,000/- per month.