Scope of Electronics Engineering in India
- Electronics engineering is one of the largest and the fastest field of engineering. Electronics makes the life easier and enjoyable. For example, television, radio, computers, telecommunications, etc.
- Besides entertainment, electronics has also increased the productivity in the industries which helps in the economic growth. Industries like oil, energy, agriculture, petroleum and chemical industries are some of the examples for this industrial growth.
- Healthcare industries use electronic instruments to perform chemical tests. In our daily life also, electronics helps in the safety in transportation, factories, mines, homes, etc.
Please find below the education information to become Electronic Engineer:
- For a bachelor’s program in Electronic Engineering, the candidate needs to pass their 10+2 examination in Science stream.
- For admission in 4 years bachelor’s program the candidates need to give an entrance examination.
- To study further, interested candidates can pursue 2 years post graduate program in Electronic Engineering.
- A candidate can also pursue 3 years Diploma program from polytechnics.
- The study of electronic engineering mainly focuses on the electronic networks and devices, electromagnetic field theory, computer fundamentals, and their protection, and communication and control systems.
- There are several graduate and postgraduate courses available for an interested candidate who wants to pursue a career in Electronic Engineering.
- Electronic Engineering has good career perspective in several areas. They can get jobs in various types of industries. They are as follows:
- An electronic engineer can get employed in Central or State Government. The candidate needs to give examinations conducted by Union and State Public Service Commission (UPSC).
- They get employed in All India Radio, Indian Telephone Industries, MTNL, National Physical Laboratories, AIR, Civil Aviation Department; Post and Telegraph Department; Co-ordination Department, National Physical Laboratory, Bharat Electronics Limited.
- In Defence Services, they get employed in Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy.
- They get jobs in the field of sales and services of electronics consumer goods and appliances.
- An electronic engineer can also get jobs in the teaching and research in several engineering colleges.
- In the private and public sector, an electronics engineer gets employed in Central Electronics Ltd., Indian Railways, Atomic Energy Commission, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Ministry of Civil Aviation, Directorate General Posts and Telegraphs Departments etc.
- An electronic engineer can be self-employed too. They can manufacture electronic parts, goods, etc. They can also open up their own repair shop for television, amplifiers, recording equipment, etc.
There are few skills that are required to become Electronic Engineer. They are as follows:
- An industrial engineer must be analytical and practical in his work.
- They must be inquisitive in their work.
- He must have good communication skills.
- Industrial engineers must have the ability to work as a team so that they could contribute their efforts to get a good result as required.
- They must have the ability to solve any problems if any.
- He/she must have the ability to work under pressure and keep themselves calm during a crisis situation.
- The person must be dedicated and committed towards his work.
- They must have good knowledge in computers.
There are few institutes where Electronic Engineering can be done through Distance learning. They are as follows:
- KhatuShyam Institute of Management & Technology, Delhi
- Venkateshwar Open University, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh
- National Institute of Business Studies, New Delhi
- Rajasthan Vidyapeeth
- Andhra University
- Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University
The work of an Electronic Engineer has a good perspective in India. They can work in various private and public sectors.
A candidate can do specialization in the following fields so that he can have better job options in future. They are as follows:
- Signal Processing – Signal processing is a technology that includes fundamental theory, applications, and implementations of processing which has many physical, symbolic or abstract formats
The eligibility criteria for admission to study Electronics Engineering are as follows:
- To become a qualified Electronics engineer, the candidate needs to have a bachelor’s degree. To enroll themselves in B.E/B.Tech programs, the candidate must pass their 10+2 examination with good marks in Science subjects with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. They need to clear their entrance examinations and interviews conducted by various institutes or at state and national level.
- For admission to the IIT’s, the candidates need to go through Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) or All India Engineering/Pharmacy/Architecture Entrance Examination (AIEEE). Some institutions have their own separate entrance exams and other state and national level exams.
- After completing B.E/B.Tech, candidate can go for their post-graduation (M.E/M.Tech).
- One can also go for a Diploma programme after completing their class 10th. The Diploma courses are usually 3 years.
- The Associate Membership Examination of the Institute of Engineers (AMIE) conducts exams for the working people in the private and public sector, or diploma holders to get a Bachelor’s engineering degree through distance education.
The job responsibilities of an Electronic Engineer include:
- To review the schedule of production, actual specifications, flow of work or process to understand the methods and activities in the manufacturing and services of the product.
- To work on cost analysis and make financial planning.
- To resolve problems which are affecting the daily lives.
- To discuss the work with various people like clients for product specifications, staff for the status of the work, etc.
- An electronic engineer must have the ability to work in a team so that they could manufacture, install and maintenance of the complicated products and systems.
- They must ensure that safety regulations are met.
- They must have the creative and innovative mind.
- To write specifications and technical reports.
- The salary structure of an Electronic Engineer depends upon the candidate’s educational qualifications, experience, an area of employment, companies and the institutions etc.
- A candidate working in a government organization like BSNL, ONGC, etc. gets a salary between Rs. 30,000/- to Rs. 50,000/- per month for the post of a junior telecom officer/technical engineer/survey and maintenance engineer.
- Whereas, in private sector, the salary is in between Rs. 60,000/- to Rs .85,000/- per month.