Scope of District Attorney, Courses, Jobs and Salary
The District Attorney represents the State Government in the trial of criminal offenses and is the head of the law enforcement and legal officer of that state authority. District Attorneys are elected or appointed by the government of each district.
- To be a District Attorney, one should have a Bachelor’s Degree in Law for joining 5 year LLB course or 3 year LLB course respectively from any recognized University or Institute.
- The candidate can do their Bachelor’s Degree in General Law (BGL) or Bachelor of Law (LLB) after their 10+2.
- They get selected for the LLB courses after they clear their entrance test that is Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) which is conducted every year.
- After getting a Law degree the candidates should enroll themselves as an advocate in the Bar Council. The person must have a specialization in criminal law which helps them to have an experience.
In addition to the necessary qualifications that are required, the recruitment of District Attorneys is made through the following steps. They are as follows:
- Direct recruitment – the candidates are selected on the basis of departmental examination that are conducted time to time by the Public Service Commission of the respective state or by the recruiting authority. The candidates should appear for the exam only in the state where they want to practice. The selected candidate shall be on probation for a period of 2 years. If the candidate recruited through deputation or transfer then the probation period will be of 1 year.
- Promotion –Deputy District Attorneys with minimum 3 years of regular service or vary according to the state are considered to be promoted as a District Attorneys.
The Government has the right to distribute the services of a District Attorney if they find the work or conduct during the period of probation not satisfactory.
To be a District Attorney, the candidate must possess certain skills, they are as follows:
- The candidate should have persuasion skills and active learning.
- He should have writing and listening skills.
- Ability to have critical thinking, problem solving and decision making
- He should be well co-ordinate with time management.
- He should possess good administrative skills and prosecutorial skills.
- There are few online and distance learning option that is available for the interested candidate who wants to pursue their careers as a District Attorney.
- To pursue a career in District Attorney, one should have a Bachelor’s Degree in Law from any recognized University or Institute in India.
- If a person is interested to do a course in LLB through Online or Distance Learning then there are few institutes who offer the same. Among them Symbiosis Center for Distance Learning is the main.
- District Attorneys who have a minimum 3 years of work experience can be promoted to the post of Public Prosecutor.
To apply for the post of District Attorney, the candidate should have the following eligibility criteria. They are as follows:
- He/she must be a citizen of India.
- He/she must have practice as an Advocate in High Court or District Court for a period not less than 10 years
- The age of the candidate should not be less than 30 years and not more than 40 years on the date of selection. For the candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe or other backward classes the age limit are fixed by the Government from time to time.
- They must clear their entrance examination in Common Law Admission Test to enroll themselves for their LLB courses.
- They should have a membership in any State Bar Council and Sate Licensure as an Attorney.
- District Attorney is the head of the law enforcement of that particular state authority.
- The principal function of the District Attorney is to prosecute criminal violations of a particular state or district on behalf of the government. To sue the criminals they have to work in cooperation with the law enforcement officials, that is, police who investigates the crime.
- They have to prepare the facts and figures of the case against the suspect by using the evidences and information which are gathered by the police during their investigation.
- District Attorneys study the evidences in criminal cases and then they decide whether the case should be brought to trial. If there are not enough evidences to support the case, then they do not file charges before a judge. They have to have solid evidences with them to win the case.
- During the prosecution, if they find any new evidence, which can free the accused, the District Attorneys must inform the court about it.
- District attorneys also have the responsibilities to provide legal advice to state officials, state legislatures on the issues of revising or creating legislation and give training or advising the local law enforcement officials about the investigation procedures.
- District Attorneys are responsible to inform the accused about his legal rights. They are not supposed to destroy the facts or hide the witness who helps the accused to prove innocence. They also appear for the bail and other hearings, checks the eyewitnesses and expert witnesses like medical examiner.
- Their job also includes the rectification of any wrong doings committed against the public. So, there are District Attorneys who work towards the prevention of crime taking place in their district. They organize community programs in this expectation that it will discourage the young generation to commit any crime. They sometimes organize crime education projects which teach the people about crime prevention.
- The salary of the District Attorney depends upon the number of years of experience and the location of work.
- The pay scales of the District Attorney are approved by the Government from time to time.